Back pain is a common cause of absence from work that affects approximately 80% of the American population, at different stages of their life. Back pain is more common in individuals between 35 to 55 years of age.
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Low Back Pain
Low back pain is the pain felt in the lower back that may originate from muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Low back pain is one of the most common medical problems experienced by most people at some time in their life. People with low back pain may have difficulty to perform everyday activities.
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Cervical radiculopathy refers to neck pain that radiates to the shoulder and arm caused by injury or compression of a spinal nerve root in the neck region. Cervical radiculopathy is also referred to as nerve root impingement, nerve entrapment, or pinched nerve. The condition is more common in adults and elderly individuals and rare among young individuals.
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A herniated disc, also called slipped disc or ruptured disc, is a condition caused from wear and tear of the cushioning discs present between the bones of the vertebral column. These discs act as shock absorbers while walking or running, and are made up of an outer tough layer (annulus) that surrounds a jelly-like center (nucleus).
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Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormal spinal curvature which causes a physical deformity of the upper back commonly known as hunchback. Normally the thoracic spine has a “C”-shaped convexity, but an exaggeration of this convexity results in kyphosis.
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Sciatic nerve is the largest and longest nerve in the body. It originates in the lower back, runs along the hip and back of the leg and finally terminates in the foot. Sciatica is characterized by severe pain in the leg resulting from compression or damage to this nerve. The pain is usually present below the knee and may also extend to the foot. The intensity of pain varies from a mild pain to a sharp pounding pain.
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Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the transits, in the spine, through which the nerves and the spinal cord travel. Stenosis leads to compression of the nerves and the spinal cord resulting in pain and numbness of the affected region.
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Tumors of the Spine
Spinal tumors are the abnormal growth of uncontrolled tissues or cells in and around the spinal cord. Tumors can either be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Some of the commonly occurring benign spinal tumors include osteoma, osteoblastoma, hemangioma and osteochondroma.
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