A joint is formed by the articulation of two or more bones. The articulating surfaces of the bones in a joint are covered with smooth, shiny, white connective tissue called cartilage that reduces friction. The joints are surrounded by ligaments which are strong rope like structures that hold the different bones of the joint together, allowing controlled movement of the joint and preventing dislocation.
The joint may be damaged secondary to wear with repeated use, disease or an injury. This causes pain, stiffness and swelling. Initially non-surgical treatments are recommended to relieve pain, reduce swelling and promote healing. However, surgery may be recommended in patients who fail to benefit from non-surgical modalities of treatment. Surgery may involve joint reconstruction or joint replacement. Orthopedic disorders that may require surgical treatment include degenerative joint disease, cartilage and labral injury, joint malalignment and ligament or tendon tear.
Surgical treatment significantly reduces joint pain and improves the patient’s quality of life helping them resume an active lifestyle. The surgical procedures may include cartilage restoration, ligament and tendon repair, osteotomy, joint resurfacing and / or total joint replacement depending on the condition of the joint of individual patient.
At Banner Orthopedic Residency, we have highly skilled and experienced joint reconstruction specialists who treat disorders involving all the major joints of the body such as hip, knee, shoulder, elbow, hand, foot and ankle; assuring successful outcomes consistently. Moreover, the utilization of the latest minimally invasive surgical techniques provide additional benefits of less bleeding, less post operative pain, reduced scarring and a quicker recovery.